Category Archives: Pharmacology – II (Theory)


Introduction to Pharmacopoeia

—The term Pharmacopoeia is derived from a Greek word Pharmakon meaning drug and Poietn meaning make. So, Pharmacopoeia is defined as any receipe or formula or other standard required to make or prepare a drug.

—In the united states, the first Pharmacopoeia was published in December 1820.

—The first International Pharmacopoeia was published by the World Health Organization in 1951 (volume I) and in 1955 (volume II).

—A Pharmacopoeia is issued under the authority of the Govt. of a country. The countries which have not developed their own Pharmacopoeias allow the standards laid down by Pharmacopoeias of some other countries.

—Indian Pharmacopoeia is the authorized book of standards in India but other Pharmacopoeias have also been recognized under the drugs and cosmetic rules.

—In addition, the Govt. of India also publishes the Ayurvedic and the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeias.

Indian Pharmacopoeia

—Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) is an autonomous institution of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare which sets standards for all drugs that are manufactured, sold and consumed in India.

—The set of standards are published under the title Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP) which has been modelled over and historically follows from the British Pharmacopoeia.

—The first edition of Pharmacopoeia of India was published in 1955.

—The second edition of Pharmacopoeia of India was published in 1966  and later on its supplement was published in 1975.

—The third edition of Indian Pharmacopoeia was published in 1985 by Govt. of India.

—The fourth edition was published by Govt. of India in 1996.

—The fifth edition of Indian Pharmacopoeia was published in 2007 by Govt. of India and later amended in 2008.

—The sixth edition of Indian Pharmacopoeia was published in 2010 by Govt. of India and later amended in 2012.

—The latest Indian pharmacopoeia is the seventh edition i.e. IP 2014. The Pharmacopoeia 2014 was released by Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad on November 4, 2013.

Description about the IP-2014, VII edition

—The IP 2014 is presented in four volumes.

—The IP 2014 incorporates 2548 monographs of drugs out of which 577 are new monographs consisting of APIs, excipients, dosage forms and herbal products etc., 313 new monographs on drug substances, dosage forms and pharmaceutical aids (A to Z) , 43 new drug substances monographs, 10 antibiotic monographs, 31 herbal monographs, 05 vaccines and immunosera for human use, 06 insulin products, 07 Biotechnology products etc. along with the 19 new general chapters. 19 new radiopharmaceutical monographs and 01 general chapter is first time being included in this edition.